Gingivitis Vs. Gum Disease

Poor gum health can eventually lead to serious health complications, such as the onset of periodontal disease. Initially, poor gum health can cause you to experience the symptoms of gingivitis. What’s the difference between gingivitis and gum disease? How are they linked? What can you do to protect your smile from adult tooth loss and other issues associated with untreated gum disease?

First Signs of Trouble

When should you be worried about your gums? When you notice changes you may need to talk to your dentist. For example, should the gingival tissue appear more red, feel sore, or should bleeding occur when your brush or floss then you may need treatment for an issue related to your gums. Over time, symptoms can also include chronic bad breath, receding gum tissue, and even loose teeth as the connective tissue between the gums and teeth break down. To maintain a whole and healthy smile you should see your dentist when the first signs of trouble occur.


Gingivitis is also known as gum inflammation. Your gums can become inflamed as a result of poor oral hygiene (not brushing/flossing properly or frequently enough), smoking or tobacco use, certain chronic illnesses, and certain medications. In this stage, the problem can be reversed and treated with a deep cleaning (scaling and root planning) and routine preventive care. However, without treatment, the inflammation can lead to the onset of gum disease.

Gum Disease

Gum occurs once bacteria can infiltrate the pockets left by inflammation. You will start to experience a number of uncomfortable symptom’s, including soreness, bleeding, recession, and even loose teeth. Over time, the disease can enter an advanced stage, known as periodontitis, and potentially cause adult tooth loss. There is no cure for periodontal disease, however, the disease can be successfully managed, safeguarding you against tooth loss and other complications.