How Do You Recognize Gum Disease?

Each year, millions of people are diagnosed with periodontal disease. In fact, Centers for Disease Control studies show 50% of adults over 30 exhibit symptoms of the disease. In order to avoid the serious complications, you need to be aware of the common symptoms and seek dental help right away. How do you recognize gum disease? What treatment will your dentist provide?

What are the Common Causes?

Patients typically develop gingivitis when the gum tissue becomes inflamed. Without routine dental cleanings and proper brushing and flossing, plaque can eventually harden into tartar. This material irritates the gums and causes inflammation. Eventually, the gingival tissue pulls away from the teeth and forms pockets. Once bacteria invade these pockets, the patient may develop gum disease. Other potential factors behind periodontal disease include:

  • Chronic illnesses
  • Hormonal Fluctuations
  • Smoking and tobacco use

What are the Symptoms?

How do you know if you need treatment? In the early stages, you may notice discomfort and other warning signs, such as:

  • Sore gums
  • Red gums
  • Bleeding when you brush/floss

As the disease progresses, more serious symptoms develop, including:

  • Chronic bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth

Don’t ignore these potential warning signs. If you notice discomfort then contact your dentist to schedule a visit. The doctor can diagnose the problem and recommend possible treatment options.

What Do I Do?

In the early stages, the doctor may be able to treat gingivitis and successfully manage gum disease with a deep cleaning. Also known as a scaling and root planing, the procedure involves removing tartar and plaque buildup from the surface of the teeth and the exposed portions of the root. Healthy gingival tissue can then adhere to the teeth and close the periodontal pockets. If you have any questions about identifying and treating periodontal disease, then contact our office today.