What are the Health Risks of Gum Disease?

Millions of people in the United States experience the uncomfortable symptoms of gum disease. Without proper treatment in the early stages, periodontal disease can lead to serious health complications. What are the health risks of gum disease? Can this issue be treated or prevented?

What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease occurs when the gums become inflamed due to bacteria. A variety of factors can lead to the onset of dental disease, including:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Chronic illness, such as diabetes or leukemia
  • Age
  • Genetic risk factors
  • Certain medications
  • The use of tobacco
  • Hormonal changes

When we examine your gum tissue we will identify the causes of your oral health problems before recommending treatment.

How Do I Know If I Need Treatment?

There are a number of symptoms you may experience if you have periodontal disease. In the early stages, you may not notice your gums are sore, appear red, or bleed easily when you brush or floss. In addition, you have experience chronic bad breath. As the disease progresses into periodontitis then the connective tissues between gums and teeth may deteriorate, leading to loose teeth adult tooth loss. If you think you are experiencing the warning signs of periodontal disease then please see a dental professional as soon as possible for a diagnosis and to discuss treatment options.

What are the Health Risks and Treatment Options?

Without treatment, gum disease can increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and even rheumatoid arthritis. In many cases we can actually reverse the disease in the early stages with a deep cleaning. The deep cleaning involves using ultrasonic scaling and root planing to remove plaque from the surface of the teeth and roots. A deep cleaning can also help manage the disease in the later stages. For more information on treating this disease, please contact our office today.


Calcagno Cosmetic and Family Dentistry offer expert services including teeth whitening, Six Month Smiles, Invisalign, root canals, and pediatric dentistry. To schedule a consultation, please call (507) 218-8936. Dr. Gilly Calcagno and Dr. Kara Heimer welcome and serve patients from Rochester, Red Wing, St. Charles, Winona, Farmington, Austin, and the surrounding communities.