Every component within the oral cavity has a purpose—especially the teeth. From the hard to soft tissues, each part works together cohesively for optimum functionality. In fact, when one component isn’t working correctly, the other parts suffer. However, today, we will concentrate on just the function of teeth.
In the following fun and informative article, Dr. Gilly Calcagno, your Rochester, MN general dentist explains what the differing teeth do within the oral cavity.
Types of Teeth and Their Functions
- Incisors. People have eight incisors—four on the upper and lower jaws, respectively. These teeth tend to erupt first during development, around six months of age; the permanent adult set finally settles in between the ages of six and eight. Additionally, these teeth also take the first bites of food.
- Canines. After the development of the incisors comes the canines. These teeth come in pointy-shaped and serve as the sharpest teeth in your mouth to rip your food. The first of your canines erupt around 16 to 20 months of age. In general, the upper canines grow in first, however, when the permanent pairs come in, the order is reversed. Between the ages of 9 to 11, patients should have their permanent ones erupt.
- Premolars. Also referred to as the bicuspids, the premolars do a lot of the food grinding and chewing. Around the age of 10 (concurrent with the development of the permanent canines), the first pair of permanent premolars should break the gum line. Then, a year later, the second set push through.
- Molars. Much like the premolars, the primary molars also complete most of the grinding and chewing. People have eight primary molars, four of which appear around the age of six. The next four permanent ones won’t erupt until ages 11 to 13.
- Third molars. Wisdom teeth, or third molars, don’t serve much of function since the other 28 teeth prove sufficient for chewing. Additionally, just about every patient has their wisdom teeth removed due to complications, which include dental misalignments and even infections.
Calcagno Family Dentistry Teaches Basic Dental Knowledge
For more information on general dentistry, ask Dr. Calcagno. During your dental visits, take care to ask any questions concerning your oral health or the structure of your mouth and Dr. Calcagno will provide the answers you seek. To schedule an appointment with your Rochester, MN general dentist, call us at (507) 281-3659. Also, visit our website for services, before and after photos, and testimonials. We look forward to treating patients from Red Wing, St. Charles, Winona, Farmington and surrounding communities.