Gum Disease and Women’s Oral Health in Rochester

Gum disease is not only just caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Did you know that hormonal changes and certain medications can trigger gum disease, too? Because women’s oral health is important to Dr. Gilly Calcagno, our team offers some important information on the role hormonal fluctuations play in developing gum disease.


Although gum disease is typically associated with older patients, young women can develop gingivitis, too. During puberty, the sudden increase in hormone production causes more blood flow to the gum tissue. Increased blood circulation in the gum tissue leads to gum sensitivity and inflammation. As young women mature through puberty, their symptoms should dissipate. Dr. Calcagno recommends that young girls take extra care of their teeth by flossing daily and brushing thoroughly at least twice a day.


Gingivitis commonly develops in women at the end of the first trimester and normally becomes more severe up until the eight month of pregnancy. Pregnant women may experience tenderness and swelling of the gum tissue. Women’s gums may also bleed during brushing and flossing. Some research indicates a possible relationship between gum disease and low birth weights. We recommend that pregnant women visit our office for routine cleanings and checkups during pregnancy so that we can monitor their gum health.


Like pregnancy and puberty, hormonal changes during menopause and post-menopause affect gum health. During menopause, women may experience decreased saliva production and dry mouth. Some women report burning sensations in the gum tissue and changes in taste. Menopausal women may find that their gums appear shiny, dry, deep red, or inflamed as well.

We encourage women to take charge of their oral health by researching oral health conditions and visiting our Rochester dentist office regularly for professional cleanings and checkups. If you notice any changes in your gum or oral health, contact Calcagno Cosmetic & Family Dentistry at (507) 281-3659 to schedule an appointment. We serve patients from Farmington, Hastings, Red Wing, Winona, and the neighboring Rochester communities.