Tooth Anatomy Explained by Your Rochester Dentist

We use our teeth every single day. Our teeth endure the daily forces of grinding and gnashing food. Have you ever wondered why your teeth are different shapes and sizes?  Dr. Gilly Calcagno at Calcagno Cosmetic & Family Dentistry has the scoop on the anatomy of your teeth and the functions of each tooth type.

Tooth Anatomy Vocabulary

Crown – This refers to the visible portion of your tooth above the gum line.

Tooth Enamel – This protective barrier surrounds your teeth above the gums. Composed of strong minerals, tooth enamel is the toughest substance in the human body.

Dentin – This structure rests beneath tooth enamel. Dentin is soft and porous and contains millions of microscopic tubules that connect to the pulp.

Pulp Chamber – This area of the tooth is a very soft chamber that contains nerve endings and fibroblasts.

Roots – All teeth have roots that are fixed into the jawbone.

Types of Teeth

Molars – These types of teeth have flat chewing surfaces and are located on the upper and lower sets of teeth at the back of the mouth. Molars also have cusps.

Premolars – Also referred to as bicuspids, these teeth crush and tear food. They have two cusps and are situated adjacent to molars.

Canines – These are the sharpest and most pointed teeth in your mouth. The canines’ primary functions are to tear food.

Incisors – Like canines, incisors are used for tearing and cutting food. However, incisors do not have cusps. Incisors are commonly referred to as anterior teeth.

Keeping Your Teeth Healthy in Rochester

As an experienced cosmetic and general dentist, Dr. Gilly Calcagno utilizes the latest technology to detect and prevent potential oral health problems. With routine checkups, cleanings, and thorough oral hygiene, your teeth can last up to a lifetime. To schedule an appointment at our Rochester dentist office, contact us at (507) 281-3659. We serve patients from St. Charles, Farmington, Winona, Red Wing, and the surrounding areas near Rochester.